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New General Product Safety Regulations Issued by the European Commission (EU) 2023/988



The new General Product Safety Regulations (EU) 2023/988 issued by the European Commission came into effect on June 12, 2023, and will be enforced on December 13, 2024.

The European Commission officially released the General Product Safety Regulation (GPSR) (EU) 2023/988 on May 23, 2023.


This regulation officially came into effect on June 12, 2023, and will be enforced on December 13, 2024, replacing the old General Product Safety Directive (GPSD, 2001/95/EC). Directive 87/357/EEC and 2001/95/EC shall be repealed from December 13, 2024.


The new regulations aim to address the significant social changes that have impacted consumer product safety in the past two decades, such as increasing digitization, new technology development, and globalized supply chains. This modern framework will ensure that only safe products are provided to consumers, regardless of their origin, whether they are sold in stores or online markets.


Scope of application of new regulations:

This regulation applies to products placed or provided on the market, as long as there are no specific EU laws that provide provisions with the same objectives to regulate the safety of related products. If the product is subject to specific safety requirements stipulated by EU laws, this regulation only applies to aspects and risks or risk categories not covered by these requirements. This regulation does not apply to drugs, food, feed, etc.


Major changes in new regulations:

The goal of the new General Product Safety Regulations is to ensure that all consumer goods in the EU market are safe. This regulation provides consumers with a true safety net to address product safety or risks not covered by other EU legislation, more specifically by:

(1) List key elements, such as the evolving nature of the product or the interconnectedness in consumer product safety assessment;

(2) Improve the difference in product safety between online and offline sales;

(3) Establish specific product safety requirements for online markets to protect consumers from dangerous products sold through online markets;

(4) Expand the obligation for all products imported into the EU without other harmonised standard directives, so that EU economic operators are responsible for product safety issues;

(5) Provide necessary tools to national authorities to strengthen their law enforcement powers;

(6) Ensure effective product recalls, such as by requiring direct contact with consumers and standardizing recall notifications.


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