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Basic aluminum chloride and hydroxyaluminum chloride have been assessed by Canada as potentially harmful to human health!


Time:

2024-02-29

The Canadian Department of Environment and Climate Change released a draft risk management assessment for 55 aluminum containing substances related to the environment and public health under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA).

On January 27, 2024, the Canadian Department of Environment and Climate Change released a draft risk management assessment for 55 aluminum containing substances related to the environment and public health under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA).

The products involved in 55 aluminum containing substances include: art, handicrafts, and amateur materials; Automotive care products; Building materials; Cleaning products; Food packaging; Ink, toners, and colorants; Self care products (cosmetics, natural health products, and over-the-counter drugs); Paints and coatings; Disease and pest control products; Plastic; Textiles; And other industrial and commercial products.

 

Risk assessment results

1. According to Article 64 (c) of CEPA, basic aluminum chloride (CAS No. 1327-41-9) and hydroxyaluminum chloride (CAS No. 12042-91-0) are considered to have potential toxicity and may be harmful to human health. In addition, although the above two substances meet the conditions for environmental persistence, they have not yet reached the relevant standards for bioaccumulation.
2. The remaining 53 aluminum containing substances are considered to pose a lower risk to human health based on a comparison of population exposure levels and key health impacts.
Based on the above results, the Canadian Department of Environment proposes to include basic aluminum chloride and hydroxyaluminum chloride in Part 2 of Appendix 1 of the CEPA. This measure aims to develop specific risk management measures for these substances in accordance with the CEPA Act, thereby reducing their potential threat to the environment and public health. In particular, it is recommended to limit the proportion of these two substances in aerosol cosmetics (especially antiperspirant spray and foot deodorant spray).

 

Related time nodes

Date
 

Draft situation
 

January 27, 2024

Release the draft assessment of aluminum containing substances and the scope of risk management for basic aluminum chloride and hydroxyaluminum chloride, and begin a 60 day public review period. (As of March 27, 2024.)

January 2025

The final assessment and proposed risk management methods will be announced.

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