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PFAS restriction in baby products will come into effect soon



The European Union and several US states have restricted the PFAS in baby products.

Perfluorinated and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) refer to organic compounds containing at least one perfluorinated carbon atom (i.e. at least one - CF2 - or - CF3 aliphatic chain structural unit). Perfluorinated and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) include perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) and many other compounds.


PFAS has been used in various consumer products, including baby and child products, due to its oil, water and dirt resistance. However, some PFAS, such as perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOS), can remain in the human body for a very long time and have a negative impact on human health. Animal studies have shown that perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) can affect reproduction and development, liver and kidney, and immune system. Both chemicals cause tumors.


The European Union and several US states have restricted the PFAS in baby products. The following is a summary of the earliest effective date of the requirements related to baby products:

Earliest Effective Date (Year) Region
Restriction rules
2019 EU POPs
2020 EU POPs
2023 EU REACH Annex XVII, California
2024 Colorado
2030 Maine
Declaration rules
2011 Washington State (children are highly concerned about chemicals)
2014 Vermont (Children are highly concerned about chemicals)
2018 Oregon (children's health is highly concerned about chemicals)
2020 Maine (priority chemicals)
2023 Maine


In the European Union and Northern Ireland, Item 68 of Annex XVII of REACH Regulation will come into force in 2023, which will restrict the use of C9-C14 PFCA and related substances.


The most concerned regulation AB 652, which restricts the use of PFAS in infant and child products in California, USA, will come into force from July 1, 2023. According to AB 652, the organic fluorine content is allowed to be lower than 100 ppm.


HB 22-1345, a Colorado regulation restricting the use of PFAS in infant and child products, will come into force on January 1, 2024.


In 2023, it is required to report intentionally added PFAS to Maine authorities.


More and more regions are implementing PFAS restrictions. With Intertek's expertise, manufacturers can effectively meet the challenges of PFAS.


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