Search : Electronic And Electrical Testing, Safety Testing, Environmental Monitoring

EU battery new law reached provisional agreement


Time:

2022-12-22

EU battery new law reached provisional agreement

On December 9, the European Parliament and the European Council reached a provisional agreement aimed at making all batteries put on the EU market more sustainable, recyclable and safe. The agreement is based on the proposal of the European Commission in December 2020 and aims to solve the social, economic and environmental problems related to all types of batteries.  


New battery classification

The new battery law is intended to apply to all types of batteries sold in the EU, and will be divided into the following five categories according to the quality of batteries and the final use objects:

  • Portable battery: refers to sealed battery with a mass less than or equal to 5kg, which is not designed for industrial use, neither electric vehicle battery nor light vehicle battery nor SLI battery;
  • SLI battery: refers to any battery designed to provide power for starting, lighting or ignition, and can also be used for auxiliary or standby purposes of vehicles, other transportation vehicles or machinery;
  • Light vehicle (LMT) battery: refers to any sealed battery with a mass less than or equal to 25kg, which is designed to provide traction for wheeled vehicles. These vehicles can be powered by motors alone or by a combination of motors and manpower, including L-category vehicles as defined in Regulation (EU) No 168/2013, but excluding electric vehicle batteries;
  • Electric vehicle (EV) battery: any battery designed to provide traction for hybrid electric vehicles of categories M, N and O or electric vehicles as defined in Regulation (EU) 2018/858; Or any battery with a mass exceeding 25kg designed to provide traction for L-category vehicles as defined in Regulation (EU) No 168/2013;
  • Industrial battery: refers to any battery specially designed for industrial use, or any battery prepared for reuse for industrial use, and other batteries with a mass of more than 5kg, except LMT battery, electric vehicle battery and SLI battery;

​​​​

 

New regulations on battery production, recycling and reuse

  • After the new law comes into force, the sustainability requirements for carbon footprint, recycled components, performance and durability will be gradually introduced from 2024.
  • By the middle of 2025, a more comprehensive extended producer responsibility regulatory framework will be applied.
  • Introduce higher collection targets over time: for portable batteries, the target is to reach 63% in 2027, 73% in 2030, and for light vehicle (LMT) batteries, the target is to reach 51% in 2028, and 61% in 2031.
  • All collected batteries must be recycled, and a high level of recycling must be achieved, especially valuable materials such as copper, cobalt, lithium, nickel and lead.
  • By adopting stricter recovery efficiency and material recovery targets over time, valuable materials can be recovered at the end of their service life and put back into use. The material recovery rate of lithium will reach 50% by 2027 and 80% by 2031.
  • Companies that put batteries on the EU internal market must prove that the sources of materials used in their manufacture are responsible. This means that social and environmental risks associated with the extraction, processing and trade of raw materials for battery manufacturing must be identified and mitigated.

 

Subsequent legislative actions

The European Parliament and the Council must now formally adopt new regulations before they can enter into force. The new regulations will replace the existing battery directive issued in 2006. This new battery regulatory framework requires a large number of more detailed rules (secondary legislation) from 2024 to 2028 to be fully operational.

 

手机官网
手机官网

Wechat Public

Account