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EU plans to ban the use of bisphenol A and its analogues in FCM


Time:

2023-08-08

The European Union's Directorate General for Health and Food Safety (DG Sante) held a webinar and announced its intention to prohibit the intentional addition of bisphenol A (CAS No 80-05-7) and its analogues to food contact materials.

On July 18, 2023, the European Union's Directorate General for Health and Food Safety (DG Sante) held a webinar and announced its intention to prohibit the intentional addition of bisphenol A (CAS No 80-05-7) and its analogues to food contact materials.

 

Research background

Bisphenol A can be used to produce various polymer materials such as polycarbonate, epoxy resin (usually used for inner coatings of food and beverage cans), polyester resin, polysulfone resin, polyphenylene ether resin, unsaturated polyester resin, etc. However, as a typical environmental endocrine disruptor, the migration of bisphenol A in food contact materials may pose a threat to human health. According to reports, bisphenol A has been detected in some food and food contact materials, and its unintentional addition includes:

Food: Environmental pollution caused by drinking water and process pollution caused by bisphenol substances;

Food contact materials: recycled raw materials (such as plastic or paper and cardboard), monomers not involved in the reaction (such as BADGE production process), BPA coated outer packaging "gas phase mass transfer", and other unknown sources.

 

Primary coverage

Considering that it is impractical to prohibit the unintentional addition of bisphenol A in FCM, DG Sante intends to decide to prohibit the use of intentionally added bisphenol A in food contact materials, including plastics, varnishes and coatings, inks, adhesives, and other materials.

 

Implementation Date

The ban is expected to be implemented in the spring of 2024. After an 18 month transition period, i.e. at the end of 2025 or early 2026, food contact materials containing bisphenol A will be prohibited from entering the EU market, except for FCMs that have already been put on the market. For coatings and coatings, this ban may affect the shelf life of products, increase costs and energy consumption. For certain specific applications (such as metal coated packaging in contact with acidic food), the industry can apply for an extension of the transition period before September 15, 2023.

 

Proposal

The current restrictive requirements for bisphenol A in the European Union Plastic Regulations (EU) No 10/2011 are as follows:

 

Use Restriction requirement
Polymers used as monomers or other initiators or obtained through microbial fermentation

SML=0.05 mg/kg;

Not allowed for the production of polycarbonate baby bottles and polycarbonate for infants and young children
Carbonate drinking cup or bottle

It is recommended that production enterprises pay attention to the subsequent updates of this ban, and conduct risk screening and response in advance. If other resins are used to replace polyester resin or polysulfone resin produced with bisphenol A as raw material, and the production process monitoring is strengthened to avoid introducing bisphenol A through impurities, environment, and other channels.

 

 
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